basic information

Northern Bullfinch

Pyrrhula pyrrhula (Linnaeus, 1758)


Irkutsk, Baikal region
© Vadim Ivushkin


Rare resident, but common winter visitor on most of non-breeding territory. Inhabits the spruce-fir and cedar-larch forests with some deciduous trees at altitudes 1500-1900 m; in winter prefers the deciduous forests, shelterbelts, gardens and thickets of tall weeds. Breeds in separate pairs fairly far from each other. Nest is located in spruce at height 1.5-5 m above the ground; nest is built from the twigs, dry grass, moss and lichen and is lined with thin parts of plants, hair and feathers. Clutch of 4-7 eggs is laid in end of May - June. Mainly female incubates clutch for 13-15 days, male feed her. Both parents feed juveniles which fledge at age 15-16 days old. Probably rears two broods per season. Recently hatched juveniles were observed in first ten days of August, but full-grown juveniles were recorded in end of June to early August. Autumn dispersal begins late, in October, in southern part of Kazakhstan Bullfinches appears in end of November – December. Spring migration takes place from February up to end of March - mid-April.




Pyrrhula (pyrrhula x cineracea)

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Birds of Northern Eurasia

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unidentified birds


Александр Кочетков: Елена, у веснички и зелёной пеночки нет средней светлой полосы на голове.


Игорь Фефелов: И пример толстоклювого лесного конька.


Илья Сухов: Ааа, понятно, согласен. С молодежью всегда беда.

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